Sep 26, 2016
Bouncing Back from Divorce; the Importance of Psychological Resilience
According to Wikipedia, psychological resilience is defined “as an individual’s ability to successfully adapt to life tasks in the face of social disadvantage or highly adverse conditions.” It also states, “Resilience is one’s ability to bounce back from a negative experience with ‘competent’ functioning.”
What trait determines who will adapt to divorce more readily than someone else?
Resiliency doesn’t usually come naturally to most people. Some may tolerate stressors better than others, but most individuals learn their coping skills from their parents’ example or through weathering a difficult life experience. Learning by making mistakes and dealing with the consequences or through trial and error make it possible to face other challenges that require the same approach.
What are the characteristics of those who navigate life’s challenges successfully?
• Have realistic expectations of themselves and others. They are able to accept their own imperfections as well as the imperfections of others. They are non judgmental and are able to adapt to the styles of other people.
• Utilize social supports. They develop and practice good listening skills and exhibit empathy toward others, which, in turn, attracts people with the same gifts. They are able to ask for help. They also tend to be leaders with good self-esteem and self-confidence.
• Practice positive thinking. They see life’s difficulties as temporary rather than permanent catastrophes. They do not engage in self-pity.
• Keep moving forward rather than looking backward. They practice the art of letting go of the past and set goals for improving the future.
• Release anger and resentment. They practice forgiveness and do not retaliate or seek revenge.
• Believe in themselves and a happy future. When facing challenges, they trust their instincts and believe they are stronger after encountering difficulties. They tend to have good self-concept and problem–solving skills.
• Set goals and implement a plan. In a crisis, they remain calm and focus on useful actions.
• Practice patience over impulsivity. They realize that hard work has great benefits. They do not seek immediate gratification.
• Are flexible. They tolerate ambiguity and uncertainty. They also are open to trying different approaches to problem solving.
• Can laugh at themselves. They use humor and playfulness to lighten heavy circumstances.
• Have self-compassion. People who are self-compassionate tend to experience distress without becoming stuck.
Recent studies at The University of Arizona have found that self-compassion is the most significant indicator for lessening divorce-related stress. Texas psychologist Kristen Neff describes self-compassion as “a gentle understanding and accepting of our own flaws, while also recognizing that many others experience similar problems.” The lesson? Be kind to yourself. And be kind to you ex.
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